Henry Bohn Books

HBB Reading chair   How best to describe Henry Bohn Books? To call it a bookshop in the general sense is probably misleading, although in principle the establishment deals in old books, with a sideline in jazz and classical LPs, old magazines, outdated Ordnance Survey maps, leaflets, catalogues, comic books… the list goes on.

There is a clock above the street entrance that has been put up at an angle, so that the number 11 has crept up to the number 12 position.

Outside the front door of the current premises (which used to be a jewelers) is a stack of old records that were being flicked through by an elderly man bent double when I went in, further encouraging the feeling of disorientation.

I asked the clerk at the ancient mahogany writing desk if it was okay to take a few photographs for a feature on the bookshop and he sort of nodded assent without looking at me. I suggested I could send him the pictures by email, and he told me he didn’t have a mobile phone let alone use email, so I left it and headed deeper inside.

HBB Stairs

Henry Bohn Books is the sort of place that you might step into out of curiosity, see something interesting that you can’t fit into your bag and decide to return next week, and then never be able to locate again. My research tells me it was first set up in Seel Street a few decades ago before relocating to Lime Street. It then moved back to Seel Street where it remained until it re-re-reopened in the current location on London Road (within sight of the Walker Gallery) where it has been for at least the last two years.

HBB Upstairs Half fwindow

It is perhaps worthwhile at this point to cross reference Henry Bohn with a few other booksellers. Waterstones, despite its critics, provides a comfortable atmosphere in which to read and has a large selection of reading material of all genres. In Waterstones there are convenient and neat stacks of Booker prizewinners, duplicates of elegantly printed Shakespeare in neat rows, and also a comprehensive spread of current autobiographies and memoirs. Blackwells offers a slightly different service – a self-proclaimed university bookshop full of shelves laden with the classics, often OUP or Vintage editions with helpful introductions from academics that enhance and explain the text. Secondhand bookshops are a different breed; some, such as those operated by Amnesty International and Oxfam, contain interesting finds hidden within a mass of Simon Schama and Jeremy Clarkson work. Dedicated used booksellers provide yet another service – usually lots of leather and rich aromas, always good bargains and unexpected discoveries.

HBB Punch

Henry Bohn provides something slightly less easy to define. There are no neat stacks of recent prizewinners; there are no duplicates, there is little indication of how the books are organized (apparently the employees there sometimes have long discussions on how to classify them) and below a familiar surface of the Faber poets and Penguins you find some serious-looking literature. The first level has floor to ceiling cases against the walls and another central unit that is obscured by little tables piled high with records and maps and paperbacks and broken pencils. At the end of the unit is the writing desk, which is covered in books that are yet to be priced (usually in the range of £1 to £3) and folders and mugs. The real treats are to be found upstairs – halfway up which there is a darkened booth and another desk with very large tomes on it, some of them missing their spines. On arriving at the first floor proper you are greeted with a blast of light coming in through the window out into London Road, slightly obscured by a sort of gold pendulum in a glass case (the movement powering the mysterious crooked clock?).

This room is similarly rammed with books, but instead of a central block stuffed with stock there is an old wicker chair and a large table with hundreds of classical CDs neatly organized. It could be that people aren’t sure whether or not the upstairs is accessible to the punter, but it was eerily deserted when I breached it and had a look around. The books in this room are old. There are complete fifteen volume collections of the complete works of Thackeray, Dickens, Marx and others nestled snugly with their French and Italian peers. There is a hardback collection of Punch!, as well as other beautifully bound works on botany, natural sciences, literary criticism, linguistics, philosophy, astronomy, astrology, witchcraft and all disciplines both academic and spurious.

HBB Stairwell

HBB Books

Henry Bohn was born in London in 1796 to a German bookbinder (hence Bohn) and was famous for tremendous book auctions lasting for days and strict dining schedules. Sadly he was unable to realize his ambition of founding a publishing house of his own, due in part to the lack of interest in carrying on the trade felt by his sons, and therefore he sold the rights to his Libraries to an existing publisher. Bohn was a collector of pictures, china (he wrote a work entitled Guide to the Knowledge of Pottery and Porcelain), ivories and grew different species of roses.

HBB Upstairs facing window

What is the connection between the bookshop on London Road and the figure of Henry Bohn himself? No information is readily available in the shop, but then again nothing is readily available in there. What is certain is that the oddities and treasures available for under a fiver are present in quantities rich enough to occupy, entice and humble any visitor, no matter how demanding. I slipped out, thanked the clerk again (he nodded and made me feel like I was disturbing a creature in his natural environment) and stepped out into the street, bypassing the man who had by now almost reached the end of the pile of records.

HBB Ladder

Liverpool and Pisa – Women in Fine Art

This stunning exhibition at the Palazzo Blu (http://www.palazzoblu.org) in Pisa, Italy – is a brilliant testament to one of the most influential female artists of the baroque period: Artemisia Gentileschi.


Susanna and the Elders is on display at the beautiful gallery this summer alongside twentieth century ballet and theatre costume designed by Anna Anni.

The show of incredible paintings by a female artist is a fantastic opportunity for the public to see great work by a traditionally male-dominated field, the 2010 show at the Walker ‘The Rise of Women Artists’ offered an interesting look at the role of gender in art. Angelica Kauffman helped found the Royal Academy in 1768 – but the next woman to be elected associate member was Annie Swynnerton in 1922.

Fortunately for those in Liverpool this year, ‘Jael and Sisera’ by Gentileschi is on loan from the Gallery of Fine Arts, Budapest and can be seen at the Walker until March of next year. This masterpiece from a historically significant and singular Italian female painter is a must-see for art lovers, and perhaps worth a visit to show support for Liverpool’s continued awareness and praise of less famous work.





Post-Imperial Africa: Crisis in the Congo

Few countries have suffered more during the transitions of international history than the Congo. After the Conference of Berlin in 1885 a pan-continental invasion of Africa put 90 per cent of the territory under European rule. King Leopold II of Belgium didn’t want to miss out on this land-grab and hired an explorer to reconnoitre the area of central Africa now recognised as the Democratic Republic of Congo. The king inflicted a brutal regime of atrocities on the indigenous population after taking the land as his personal property.

In common with modern exploitation of the country, Leopold was after the vast bounty of resources held within the land: primarily the rich supply of natural rubber. Horror tactics such as cutting off the right hands of workers (often young children) who didn’t meet quotas and taking hostage the women of a community until rubber was gathered were the methods of this barbaric colony. A contemporary newspaper recorded the dismemberment of 1308 hands in one day.

The effect of this experiment in colonialism was devastating to the Congolese: halving the population from 20 to 10 million in just 40 years – meanwhile Leopold built palaces and human zoos stocked with his African slaves. Even by the standards of the time Leopold’s massacre and inhumanity was shocking: his actions were uncovered in 1908 (a year before his death) and the Belgian government stripped him of the territory.

Lamentably, since Congolese independence from Belgium in 1960 the land has born witness to a succession of tyrannical leaders. The first elected Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba was assassinated within months of appointment by Western powers and Congolese sycophants.  The United States then installed and backed dictator Joseph Mobutu for over three decades. Invasions by Rwanda and Uganda left nearly six million dead; President Laurent Kabila was installed in 1997 and assassinated in 2001 – succeeded by his son Joseph who remains in power today. The awful trademarks of conflict in the Congo are mass rape as a form of psychological warfare, international looting of the country’s wealth and appalling living conditions for a country of which 80 per cent of the population subsists on less than 30 cents a day.

Congo has the potential to overcome its past and develop into one of the strongest powers in Africa. The same land that lured tyrants and colonialists to the nation’s borders is the key: a storehouse of minerals such as gold, magnesium, uranium and petroleum; it is also the home to 64 per cent of the world’s reserve of the mineral coltan (essential to the mobile phone and electronics industry).


Liv.History spoke with Fufu Mussanzi: a Congolese student in Liverpool and organiser of Liverpool Congo Week, about her views on her home country what influence its history has today. Liverpool Congo week (part of October’s Black History Month) was a series of film screenings, events and discussion meetings to raise awareness about one of the most devastating areas of conflict in the world which is all too often ignored in the world media.

Liv.History, What do you think are the main reasons for the instability in the Congo today?

Fufu Mussanzi, There are a lot of factors; we have the three I’s, Impunity: a person that commits a crime goes unprosecuted, Illicit minerals: the exploitation of the country for its minerals is a huge problem, and institutional failure: a government that isn’t protecting the population.

LH Do you think that the country’s history of intervention from foreign nations has caused the problems in the Congo?

FM Of course, Patrice Lumumba came with an idea to help the people and he was not approved of by the United States – the US and Belgium could not allow him to control an area as powerful as the Congo so they removed him!

LH What can be learned from the Congo’s past?

FM That’s a difficult one: Congo’s history is tragic and fragile. One thing we can learn is the Congolese people are tired – this has been going for over a hundred years since colonization. Perhaps it needed this long for us to realize it was time to make a change.

LH Why do you think the crisis in the Congo doesn’t have the high profile of other conflicts such as Syria and the Middle East?

FM I remember moving here ten years ago with my family and we were shocked it wasn’t considered a big story. I think the news wants to stay current: because the crisis has been going on for such a long time and it is so complex it gets ignored.


LH What was your motivation for organizing Liverpool Congo Week?

FM I grew up in a war environment that I didn’t really understand until I came here, my parents who are involved with charities inspire me and I give my views as a young person.

LH What was the biggest success from Liverpool Congo Week?

FM There are so many! Just seeing normal students who want to find out more come every day encouraged me because before that sometimes I would wonder ‘do people really care?’ Other young people genuinely wanted to act!

LH Do you think that people in the UK have a good knowledge of African history?

FM Well in Congo, as soon as you get to high school you learn the history of Africa and Europe. In high school in the UK the only thing I learned that was related to African history was slavery.

LH What do you think of initiatives such as Black History Month, do they make a difference in raising awareness?

FM I really love it – there are a lot of people who don’t know what’s going on, if the profile of Congo is raised during Black History Month then that’s got to be positive.


LH What would you like to see happen in the Congo in your lifetime?

FM That’s one of my favourite questions, what I would want to see happen is more young people to know the impact the war has on them: to raise awareness and give a platform for Congolese people to be able to sort out their own problems and bring about change. We need to support young people in realising they are the next leaders who will make the changes!


Find out more at www.friendsofthecongo.org

Bones of Britain’s Most Notorious Monarch Unearthed

Archaeologists may have found the remains of King Richard III in Leicester.

The monarch, defeated by Henry Tudor and killed at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, has gone down in history, literature and legend as a scheming villain and Machiavellian king with a hunchback and withered arm, but his remains have long since been thought lost and truth masked by time and Tudor propaganda.

Legends surrounding him—that he murdered Princes Edward V and Richard of Shrewsbury in the Tower of London, that he consulted a seer before the battle, that his corpse was thrown into the River Soar after the Dissolution of the Monasteries—have never been validated, and in August 2012 the Richard III Society joined forces with the University of Leicester Archaeological Services Unit (ULAS) in a bid to uncover the truth about the oft-vilified figure.

Richard Buckley, co-director of ULAS and head of the excavation, was a self-confessed sceptic: ‘I didn’t hold out much hope,’ he admits. ‘So much surrounding Richard III is shrouded in legend that going after him meant going of speculation, guesswork and pure luck!’ Going from sketchy accounts of King Richard III’s final resting place, they chose to dig on the supposed site of Leicester’s Greyfriars Church. ‘A few metres out with our trial trenches and we’d miss him—and the church—completely,’ notes Buckley.

Digging into a car park and laying two long trenches north-south, Buckley’s team uncovered the cloister walk, and what looked like the Chapter House of the friary. ‘A contemporary historian believed Richard III to be buried in the choir of the church,’ Buckley says ‘this would have been between an area called the ‘walking place’ in the middle of the church and the altar at the east end. The archaeologists then dug a third trench and located parallel east west walls of a large building to the north of the Chapter House – which seemed like the best bet to be the east end of the church.’

And sure enough, in this area, the team uncovered human remains remarkably in keeping with the legend: a skeleton with curvature of the spine, head trauma and an iron object between two of the vertebrae. ‘I couldn’t believe it—none of us could,’ Buckley laughs. ‘All of us were hopping round the site, amazed at what we were seeing.’

Could this be King Richard III, then, fabled ‘Son of York’, Shakespearian villain, lost king of England? Certainly, a lot of the evidence seems to suggest so: ‘The skeleton was in the right place and had all of the characteristics associated with accounts of Richard III, so it looks very likely,’ Buckley remarks. ‘Though we are of course waiting on a DNA match between the remains and a descendant of the King’s elder sister, down the female line, tracked down by Dr. John Ashdown-Hill. Then, and only then, will we know!’

If indeed the skeleton does turn out to be Richard III, it will be the biggest archaeological discovery in decades, and Leicester, where it is confirmed the remains will be interred if confirmed to the King Richard III, will no doubt become a Mecca for Ricardians the world over.

Sam Buckley


ShagAtUni.com: The No Strings Attached Student Website Putting Sexism to Bed?

The success of new no strings attached hookup site ShagAtUni.com (sister site of DateAtUni.com) is incredible, with a membership of 30,000 since its inception this October. The site operates with a 60-40 per cent ratio of guys to girls and only shows the profile pictures of scantily clad female members on its homepage, but founder Tom Thurlow insists the site isn’t sexist in any way. For girls registration to ShagAtUni is completely free of charge.

A recent report entitled ‘Just the Women’ released by organisations Eaves, Equality Now, the End Violence Against Women Coalition and Object has slated the portrayal of women in the British press through page 3 modelling and upskirt photography. In addition the recent decision by the Church of England to forbid women bishops has created a maelstrom of anger and controversy over sex and gender politics: how do sites such as ShagAtUni present themselves and operate?

Liv.History (under the pseudonym Rachel) signed up to find out more.

Immediately after registering a box popped up saying Ahmed (21) from Greater Manchester viewed the profile: was this to be the start of a saucy one night encounter? I decided to survey the field a bit more: the site is evidently not limited to students as most searches unearth 30 year old men in various levels of undress/fancy dress – one girl talks about a key fetish, while another profile picture shows a man with a sword and lightsaber. ShagAtUni might try to sell itself as titillation and tease, but the sordid mugshots of torsos and erections which litter its membership dirty Thurlow’s benign idea that, “meeting new partners for sex is something that can be done with no strings attached. It’s a lot of fun.” After half an hour I’d seen enough, I decided to leave the messages (“Hi Rachel, how are you?” from Brad and “Hey I’m Joe what are you looking for?”) unanswered and try and put the availability of an easy lay into its historical context.

Rupert Murdoch relaunched The Sun in 1969 with his (clothed) glamour models and a year later Larry Lamb printed the first naked breast in the same paper. Page 3 has been controversial from the start: 1986 saw MP Clare Short fail to successfully ban the practice, The Sunday Sport printed Linsey Dawn McKenzie topless on her 16th birthday in 1994 before the law was changed in 2003 raising the legal age of topless modelling to 18.

Pamela Anderson and Katie Price have become champions of neo-feminism after careers in porn – is it prudish to argue page 3 is anything less than a chance for women to find empowerment? The pictures uploaded to ShagAtUni have clearly taken inspiration from the glamour stars: topless or pouting girls professing an interest in hardcore sexual activities – who are we to prohibit this? National disgust at the Anglican ruling against equality for women reveals our societal opposition to any gender discrimination and it could be that sex websites, pornography and page three (as long as they involve willing participants) are merely progressive feminism in action.

In 1275 Edward I instituted the first law establishing an age of consent in England (12 years old) – that is now 16 years for both homosexual and heterosexual relationships in the UK. ShagAtUni doesn’t ask for any proof of age and any number of its many thousand members could be lying about the requisite 18 years.

Does ShagAtUni do any harm? The site features predominantly middle-aged men, worried looking virgins, fetishists and voyeurs seeking partners, all set within an incredibly loosely plugged ‘university’ format. Is it nothing short of pseudo porn? All members sign themselves on of their own volition and there isn’t any money to be made… however marketing such a website at barely legal, emotionally vulnerable and self conscious students? Rachel’s signing off for good.


Ereaders: Pushing Your Buttons?

As with everything else in our modern lives, technology has taken over books too; with the rise of the eReader: Nooks, Kobos and Lord of the eReaders: Kindles are now ubiquitous on any form of public transport, where mp3 players replaced walkmans, eReaders are fast replacing books. If you don’t have one already, and Amazon’s statistics are anything to go by, you will soon: the year they launched the Kindle in the UK, their eBooks outsold their hardbacks by 50%!

Many fear the rise of the eReader, with the same tired old arguments being thrown around; “that old book smell” they cry, “the cover art” they wail. While others complain that you can no longer read the first few pages before you commit or that reading on a screen will give you square eyes.

Fret not! The original e-Ink eReaders have the ability to show a picture though it will be in greyscale. This is useful across the board; newspapers have made the leap onto eReaders and are able to retain the use of pictures in their articles, while textbooks can still contain diagrams. Pictures can be enlarged, particularly useful when looking at complicated diagrams or detailed maps. This feature has only been improved on the newer colour eReaders-cum-tablets, such as the much-anticipated Kindle Fire.

Most eBook sellers also provide the option to read a sample or first few pages of the book, so there can be no complaint that you cannot try before you buy. As for the problem of “square-eyes”, first off, how long does the modern student spend a day on their laptop, endlessly browsing websites, articles, Wikipedia? And that’s before any serious work gets done. I highly suspect this is an argument made up by the anti-eReader section of society, who are desperately holding onto a somewhat obsolete format, no doubt the same arguments were cited by scroll-enthusiasts when the book was invented. Besides, the traditional eReaders are not “screens” in any real sense of the word. They are more correctly described as electronic-paper or e-Ink displays. Designed to act just like paper, to reflect rather than emit light. As such they have the same problems that books have: You can’t read them in the dark! How traditional!

In the past reading for any degree has meant long hours in the library, sharing a handful of textbooks and other resources with the rest of your course. Thanks to the Kindle’s ability to annotate and highlight passages in eBooks and articles, this may be a thing of the past. These “notes” can then be viewed online at Amazon.co.uk (unfortunately Kobo and Nook do not yet have the ability to sync notes online). This feature is particularly useful when reading articles for seminars or lectures; sections can be annotated and cut so that only the relevant part is shown, these “notes” and “clippings” can be edited further online (where you have access to a larger keyboard) and printed out. Saving students a small fortune in printing costs!

Modern eReaders have passed the viability test and are proving their usefulness across the board. In short, they are here to stay no matter what the traditionalists think. If you can’t beat ‘em join ‘em.



Mary Naylor

Ancient Chinese Murals Come to Liverpool

Liv.History was present for what has to be one of the most important events in the city’s cultural calendar: the world exclusive exhibition of 1700-year-old grotto murals by Yang Xiaodong at the View Two gallery. During the Qin era in Northwest China Buddhist monks travelling along the silk routes into central Asia developed a complex of sacred grottoes at Maijishan and now, almost two thousand years after their conception, Chinese artist Yang Xiaodong and his team are faithfully copying down the 1000 square metres of incredible artwork to make sure they are never lost: the site is at risk from destruction by earthquakes.

Luckily for Liverpool, a contact of the artist based in the city managed to organise a one-off exhibition at local gallery View Two on Mathew Street – the works have never left China and are not scheduled to be exhibited internationally again. The artist was present to talk to Liv.History about the work: spanning two floors of the gallery and accompanied by traditional Chinese music and dancing. The history of Maijishan is as intricate as the murals: a travel nexus influenced by different Asian cultures, the caves were originally used as ancestral shrines before the arrival of Buddhism in China. In the fifth century a small monastic community of a few hundred monks occupied Maijishan but was either forcibly dispersed by the Northern Wei dynasty in the mid 400s or just steadily declined over time.

8th Century Chinese poet Tu Fu wrote ‘Mountain Temples’ after visiting Maijishan

“There are few monks left in these remote shrines,

And in the wilderness the narrow paths are high.

The musk deer sleep among the stones and bamboo,

The cockatoos peck at the golden peaches.

Streams trickle down among the paths;

Across the overhanging cliff the cells are ranged,

Their tiered chambers reaching to the very peak;

And for a 100 li one can make out the smallest thing”

Yang’s nickname? “Pilgrim of the ancient wall paintings”

Felix Goodbody


See the performance here…

Birkenhead Priory: The Wirral’s Hidden Treasure

It’s the oldest standing building in Merseyside and the birthplace of the famous ferry across the Mersey, but chances are you’ve never heard of it.  Despite its undoubted charm and historical significance, Birkenhead Priory, a former Benedictine monastery situated on the banks of the River Mersey, remains one of the Wirral’s best kept secrets.

Established in 1150 by Hamon de Massey, the Priory’s location on the western fringes of the sparsely populated Wirral peninsula served a twin purpose.  The isolated nature Birkenhead in the twelfth century allowed for the monks to engage in peaceful spiritual observance, while at the same times its proximity to the River Mersey and the fertile headlands surrounding it enabled the monks living there to live a life of self-sufficiency, an ideal central to their creed.

The Benedictine philosophy also stipulated that the monks should provide safe passage and hospitality to travellers, and it was here that the monastery became synonymous with the ferry crossing to Liverpool.  Initially, hospitality and travel had been provided for travellers free of charge, but as Liverpool grew in stature this position became increasingly untenable, forcing King Edward III to issue a Royal Charter stipulating that the monastery reserved the sole right to provide passage over the ‘said Arm of the Sea…and may receive for that Passage as may be reasonably done.’

As a result, the monastery was able to amass significant wealth during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, facilitating both its expansion and the acquirement of precious objects – a great many of which were unearthed subsequent restoration attempts of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and can now be viewed by the general public.  This prosperity was short-lived, however.  In 1536, Birkenhead Priory suffered the same fate as the rest of the country’s monasteries, priories, and convents, with its assets seized and occupants banished as a result of King Henry VIII’s attacks upon the privilege position of the Church.  The next few centuries were thus characterised by depravation and decay, with the priory church being demolished and the other structures falling prey to the elements, the ruins of which are still visible today.

Mercifully, the significance of the Priory has been acknowledged, and numerous attempts have since been made to restore the monastery to something approaching its former glory.  Visitors can now wander the grounds, absorb a detailed history of the sire in the restored Undercroft, and visit the Chapter House – the oldest building on the site – with its beautiful Norman design and intricate stained-glass windows.  Furthermore, the unrivalled views across the Mersey from atop St. Mary’s Tower, a nineteenth century addition to the site which is currently undergoing a major renovation project, will soon be accessible once again to the public.

Without the spire of St. Mary’s, the Priory site would have disappeared amidst the creeping industrialisation of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The construction of the Queensway Tunnel, expansion of the Cammell Laird shipyard, and a proliferation of factories in the surrounding area have hidden the Priory from view and served to sever it from its core constituency, but it would be unfair to argue that the Priory has been ‘desecrated…in the name of 19th century industrial progress,’ as Jean McInnes has argued.  The changing fortunes of the Priory only serve to emphasise that it, more than any other local site, symbolises the long and convoluted history of the town of Birkenhead itself, as it progressed from deserted outpost to the populous industrial and maritime centre it is today.  It is for this reason that it should be treasured for what it is, rather than what it once was.

Liam Morris


Merseybeat: 50 Years of The Beatles in Liverpool

As The Sun Rose Over The Mersey On The First Morning Of 1962, Moon River Was Number 1 In The Uk Singles Chart. The Docks Were A Bustling And Hectic Arena For The Trade Of The World To Negotiate, Yet Liverpool Remained A Place Of Significant Hardship With Soaring Unemployment Rates And Some Of The Poorest Housing In Europe. Out Of This Industrial Waterfront City Grew Arguably The Most Important Musical And Cultural Phenomena In Modern History, Which On October 5th 1962 Would See The Release Of A Single, Love Me Do, By Four Lads Who Would Go On To Become Liverpool’s Most Celebrated Sons.

Half A Century On, How Has Liverpool Changed? The Re-Generation Project Continues As Living Standards Are Improved And The City Now Boasts The Fastest-Growing Economy In The Country Outside Of The Capital. But Are Merseybeat And The Beatles Still Relevant? There Is A Never-Ending Stream Of Fans Travelling From All Over The World Eager To Take A Photo Of Eleanor Rigby’s Grave, Have A Pint In The Cavern Club, Or Simply Stand In John Lennon’s Childhood Bedroom. The Fact The Nationalities On The Passenger List Of The Magical Mystery Bus Tour Reads Like A Un Meeting Shows The How Far The Music, And For Some The Rebellion, Reached.

An Inevitable Lull In Enthusiasm Caused By A New Generation Who Dismissed Merseybeat As Unfashionable And Years Of Hostility By Council Figures Campaigning For Liverpool To Stop Reflecting And Look To The Future, Affected Beatles’ Liverpool Badly.  The Original Cavern Club Was Closed, The Art College Attended By John Lennon Was Threatened With Demolition, And A Number Of Problems Plagued The Opening Of The World’s First Beatle-Themed Hotel, The Hard Days Night. These Matters Appear To Have Settled. After All, It Takes Time For The Past To Become History, And Longer Still For The Past To Become Fashionable Once More. However With A Multi-Million Pound Industry, An International Beatles Week Festival Becoming Bigger Each Year, And Mathew Street, ‘Where It All Began’, Playing Host To The World’s Largest Free Music Festival Every Summer, The Beatles Are Clearly Cool Again. Finally, In A Celebration Of The Band’s 50th Anniversary, Liverpool’s Other Sons And Daughters Are Coming To Rediscover Their Love For Their World-Famous Siblings.


Alannah Trew